The Different Kinds Of Spinal Surgery
Neurosurgeons have extensive training to carry out surgeries in the spine. Procedures include oncologic spine surgery, discectomy, fusion, interspinous spacers, lumbar spine surgery, spinal fracture surgery and back surgery. Surgeries that are carried out for the lower back are lumbar decompression and lumbar fusion. Lumbar decompression helps to treat pain that is caused as a result of nerve root pinching.
Decompression surgery usually takes out a small portion of the bone to relieve pinching of the nerve and this reduces pain for a patient.
Lumbar degenerative disc disease causes pain in patients and the only way to relieve the pain is to undergo a lumbar fusion. This spinal fusion surgery includes a bone graft at a paining vertebral segment to halt motion.
When motion is restricted in a part of the spine by linking together two or more vertebrae, this procedure is called a spine fusion surgery. Greater stability can be achieved by carrying out fusion in the front and the back of the spine. Minimally invasive spine fusion surgery has benefits such as small incisions, much less loss of blood, reduced pain and fast recovery.
A discectomy helps to relieve pressure on the nerves by taking out a herniated disc or part of a herniated disc. Neurosurgeons who perform the surgery may use special retractors, an operating microscope, and instruments that cause less trauma to the normal anatomy of the spine through use of a small incision. Patients can go back to work quickly and return to their normal routines after this surgery because one recovers quickly.
Neurosurgery helps to treat problems with the central nervous system, spinal column disease and peripheral nervous system. Spinal stenosis can be treated with interspinous spacers. Shorter surgical procedures are possible through the use of interspinous spacer devices for patients.
To lower the pressure on the spinal nerve a laminectomy can be carried out which is the removal of arthritic bone spurs. Not all patients have to undergo fusion operation because they have the option of undergoing a non fusion operation. One can get natural motion by undergoing a posterior dynamic stabilization which uses flexible materials to stabilize the spine.
One of the treatment methods of metastatic disease are oncologic spine surgery. People with spinal problems should visit experienced neurosurgeons. Osteoporosis and pathological fractures can be treated by vertebral augmentation surgery. Symptomatic degenerative disc disease can be treated through a multilevel spinal fusion surgery.
Neurosurgeons carry out extensive tests before they can suggest surgery to a patient.